Defining health as the absence of disease or infirmity excludes an entire segment of the life span. The concept of health must work for a country, and the definition of health must be inclusive of all segments of the population, including older adults. The concept of health must include both physical and mental aspects, and must be understood in a holistic manner. Here are a few examples. We may choose to limit our discussion of health to one or a few aspects.
The World Health Organization (WHO) originally defined health as the absence of disease. The 1948 definition of health, however, was not appropriate for the times. In 1948, infant mortality was a significant cause of low life expectancy in many parts of the world, and polio and diphtheria were rampant. In addition, chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and cancer were the three leading causes of death. The definition of health today is based on a more complex picture.
Although ‘complete health’ seems desirable in some circles, it’s unrealistic for many people. In reality, no one is ever completely well. In addition to being counterproductive, the approach to health does not take into account the impact of aging, disabilities, and other factors on a person’s quality of life. In addition to being unrealistic, this approach also promotes over-medicalization in a society. But, perhaps more importantly, it fails to account for the complex interactions between genetics, lifestyle, and environment.
The definition of ‘good health’ differs for different environments. In mountainous areas, an individual suffering from anemia or heart attack may find themselves in a situation where their body weight and function are compromised due to long hours of hard work. By contrast, an individual living in sea-level environments may suffer from shortness of breath or anemia. This means that the definition of health must be flexible enough to take into account the environment. That is why we must define health as an outcome of balance, and not just a state of being.
Despite this complexity, no one sector can achieve global health solutions alone. Partnerships between sectors are necessary to make a difference. These partnerships must bring together different perspectives, organizations, and skills to work towards a common goal. The partnerships should involve representatives of the countries that are most affected by the issue. This is because only when all the sectors are working toward a common goal can we see positive changes in a community. This includes communities, neighborhoods, schools, and businesses.
People who live in low SES areas are more likely to experience stress, resulting in poorer health. These people are also prone to financial challenges, marital breakdowns, and unemployment. Low SES people often lack access to health care, which is a contributing factor to their health problems. Furthermore, cultural issues can have a significant effect on health. If health care is not provided to the poor, they are less likely to seek medical help.